Friday, 19 June 2015

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Buddhism and Jainism



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Buddhism and Jainism


Important points to remember on Buddhism

The founder of Buddhism, Gautama Buddha was born at Lumbini located in present day Nepal.
Gautama Buddha's original name was Siddhartha and he was the son of King Suddodhana of Kapilvastu.
He attained enlightenment at Bodhgaya and gave his first sermon at Sarnath. Bodhgaya is located in Bihar, while Sarnath is in Uttar Pradesh.
The state of Bihar is named after Buddhist 'Vihara' - the residential quarters of Buddhist monks.
The first day of the Buddhist calendar is Vaishakhi Purnima
Vesak or Buddha Purnima is the day which marks the birth, enlightenment and passing away of Buddha.
The Indian state with the maximum number of Buddhists is Maharashtra.
The country with the largest Buddhist population is China
Six Buddhist councils have been held so far as follows
  • Immediately after the death of Gautama Buddha.
  • After about 100 years after his death.
  • During the reign of Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century BC.
  • During the reign of King Kanishka around 100 AD
  • From 1888 to 1871 in Mandalay, Burma
  • From 1954 to 1956 at Rangoon, Burma.
The Leshan Giant Buddha in China is the tallest stone Buddha statue in the world.
Jataka tales are about the Buddha’s previous lives in various forms before he was born as a human being.
Mahayana and Hinayana are the two sects in Buddhism.




Important points to remember on Jainism

The founder of Jainism, Vardhamana Mahavira was born at Vaisali located in Bihar.
His father's name was King Siddhartha and mother was Queen Trishala.
Thirthankara is a saviour who has succeeded in crossing over life’s stream of rebirths and has made a path for others to follow, in short, a path maker. Jainism had 24 thirthankaras.
The first thirthankara was named Rishab who is also regarded as the real founder of Jainism.
Mahavira was the 24th Thirthankara, while Parshava was the 23rd thirthankara.
Jain comes from the word ‘Jina’ which means 'the conqueror'.
Mahavira gave his 1st sermon called Divya Dhwani at Mt Vipul in Rajgriha.
Chandragupta Maurya embraced Jainism before his death.
Shwetamber and Digamber are the two main sects of Jainism. The followers of Shwetamber sect wear white clothes (Shwet for white and amber for clothes) while the followers of Digamber sect do not wear any clothes (Dig for sky and amber for clothes).




Buddha and Mahavira - A comparison

Buddha
Mahavira
Place of birth
Lumbini
Vaisali
Year of birth
567 BC
599 BC
Original name
Siddhartha
Vardhamana
Teachings contained in
Tripitakas
14 Purvas
Father's name
Suddhodhana
Siddhartha
Wife's name
Yasodhara
Yasoda
Place of death
Kushinagar, Gorakhpur
Rajgir, Bihar




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