Tuesday, 9 June 2015

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Glossary of Correct Usage part:-5


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Glossary of Correct Usage






1.

maybe,  may be.  Maybe means " perhaps."  May be is a verb form.







Wrong
:
May be the meeting will be cancelled.


Right
:
Maybe the meeting will be cancelled.


Right
:
The meeting may be cancelled.










2.

myself,  himself,  yourself  are reflexive pronouns.  Do not use them unless they refer back to the subject.







Wrong
:
No one attended the meeting besides ourselves.


Right
:
No one attended the meeting besides us.







Wrong
:
A man like himself deserves praise.


Right
:
A man like him deserves praise.







Wrong
:
Only John and myself witnessed the accident.


Right
:
Only John and I witnessed the accident.







Right
:
I wrote the composition by myself.


Right
:
They themselves did the research. ( or They did the research themselves. )










3.

off of.  Omit " of."







  He fell off the horse.








4.

out loud is not correct.  Say aloud.







Wrong
:
He sang out loud.







Right
:
He sang aloud.










5.

passed,  pastPassed is a verb.







Wrong
:
She past me the salt.


Right
:
She passed me the salt.







Right
:
One can learn from his past experiences.


Right
:
He lives in the past.










6.

percentagepercent.  Use percent after a number.







Wrong
:
A large percent of his salary is spent on food.


Right
:
A large percentage of his salary is spent on food.







Right
:
He spends twenty percent of his income for rent.










7.

prefer is not followed by the preposition than.







Wrong
:
I prefer chocolate ice cream than vanilla.


Right
:
I prefer chocolate ice cream to vanilla.







Right
:
I prefer chocolate ice cream rather than vanilla.










8.

principalprinciplePrincipal is a noun or an adjective meaning " chief official " or " main."   Principle is a noun, meaning " fundamental truth."







  He followed basic scientific principles.


  He is a man of few principles.





  The principal side effect of the drug is drowsiness.


  My principal objection to smoking is its danger to health.










9.

quiet,  quite.  Quite means " completely."  Do not use quite instead of very, rather, or somewhat.







Wrong
:
The apartment is quite expensive.


Right
:
The apartment is very ( rather, somewhat ) expensive.







Right
:
We must be quiet inside the library.


Right
:
You are quite wrong.










10.

raiserise.  The verb rise does not have an object.  The verb raise has an object.  The principal parts of the verb rise are:  rise ( present ), rose ( past ), risen ( past participle ), and rising ( present participle ).  The principal pars of the verb raise are:  raise ( present ), raised ( past ), raised ( past participle ), and raising ( present participle ).







  He raised his hand before asking the question. ( past tense )


  Some questions were raised about income taxes. ( past participle )


  Should a gentleman rise when a lady enters the room ? ( present tense )


  The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. ( present tense )


  After finishing dinner, he rose from the table. ( past tense )


  God has risen from the dead. ( past participle )


  The sun is rising high in the sky. ( present participle )










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