Monday, 8 June 2015

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Human Anatomy

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Human Anatomy



Human Anatomy - Facts to remember

Longest bone in human body
Femur (thigh bone)
Smallest bone
Stapes in the middle ear
Hardest material in the human body
Tooth enamel
Strongest muscle
Jaw muscle
Largest external organ
Skin
Largest internal organ
Liver
Smallest gland
Pituitary
Largest artery
Aorta
Smallest blood vessel
Capillary
Element most common in human body
Oxygen (65%)
Mineral most common in human body
Calcium
Compound most common in human body
Water
Pigment which gives a dark colour to the skin
Melanin
Nails are modification of
Epidermis (external layer of skin)
Muscles are attached to bones by connective tissues called
Tendons
Bones are attached to bones by
Ligaments
Sebaceous glands in human body secrete
Sebum or oil
Lachrymal glands in human body secrete
Tears
The volume of blood in an adult is
4.7 to 5 litres
The total number of bones in human body is
206
The most common type of blood group is
Type O+

Scientific Names of Body Parts

Common Name
Scientific Name
Collar bone
Clavicle
Thigh bone
Femur
Knee cap
Patella
Shoulder blade
Scapula
White blood cells
Leukocytes
Red blood cells
Erythrocytes
Oil glands
Sebaceous glands
Windpipe
Larynx
Foodpipe
Esophagus


Glands and Secretions

Gland
Secretion
Pituitary Gland
Corticotropin, Thyrotropin, Lutropin, Somatotropin, Prolactin, Oxytocin
Pancreas
Insulin, Glucagon, Somatostatin, Pancreatic juice
Liver
Thrombopoietin, Bile
Adrenal Glands
Aldosterone, Cortisol, Epinephrine (or adrenaline), Norepinephrine
Ovaries
Progesterone, Estrogen
Testis
Testosterone
Thyroid
Thyroxine, Calcitonin.
Pineal Gland
Melatonin
Stomach
Gastrin
Small Intestine
Cholecystokinin, Secretin





Body Cavities and Organs

Main Cavity
Sub Cavity
Sub Cavity
Encompasses
Dorsal Cavity
Cranial Cavity
Brain
Spinal Cavity
Spinal Cord
Ventral Cavity
Thoracic Cavity
Trachea, bronchi, lungs, esophagus, heart, thymus gland, lymph nodes, pleural cavity and pericardial cavity
Pleural Cavity
Lungs
Pericardial Cavity
Heart
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Abdominal Cavity
Stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, intestines, kidneys and ovaries (in female). [Note: The peritoneal cavity surrounds the abdominal organs.]
Pelvic Cavity
Colon, rectum, urinary bladder, uterus (in females)


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