Thursday, 18 June 2015

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Important and Useful Chemicals

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Important and Useful Chemicals



Useful Chemicals

Use
Chemical
Chemical with which flourescent lamps are coated for providing illumination
Phosphor
Chemical used to remove rust stains from clothes
Oxalic acid
Chemical with which photographic films are coated
Silver Bromide
Chemical in which gold dissolves
Aqua Regia
Chemical with which non-stick cookware is coated
Teflon
Chemical used in the manufacture of matches
Phosphorus
Chemical used to purify water (as a disinfectant)
Chlorine
Chemical used as an antiseptic in mouth freshner, toothpastes etc.
Hydrogen Peroxide
Chemicals used in the breath test to check drunken driving
Potassium dichromate and Sulphuric acid
Chemical used as a purgative
Magnesium Sulphide
Chemical used in cloud seeding
Silver Iodide
Chemical used as a fixing agent in photography and also for washing as a germicide
Sodium thiosulphate
Chemical commonly used in explosive devices as well as fertilisers
Ammonium Nitrate
The substance which is used to make capsule shells in pharmaceutical industry. The substance is also used as gelling agent in cooking.
Gelatin
The sugarcane industry product being blended with petrol to reduce pollution and also to reduce the import burden of petrol in India
Ethanol
The organic compound widely used as a cleaning agent in dry cleaning
Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
The chemical commonly used in baby diapers for its super absorbent properties
Sodium polyacrylate
The chemical used for embalming bodies and preservation of animal specimens and tissue samples
Formalin (aqeous solution of formaldehyde)
The compound which is used in moisturing creams and soaps because of its hygroscopic properties
Glycerol
The chemicals used to produce fog/smoke on theatrical stages or studios
1. Dry ice 2. Glycol and water mix

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