Monday, 8 June 2015

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Important Information on Plants

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Important Information on Plants



Basic Information on Plants

Largest, tallest etc.
Largest flower
Rafflesia
Smallest flowering plant
Wolffia
Largest tree-grown fruit
Jackfruit
Tallest grass
Bamboo
Tallest tree
Coast Redwood
Plant products
The plant from which opium (rich source of morphine) is obtained
Poppy (Papaver Somniferum)
The plant from which Marijuana is obtained
Cannabis
The plant from which the drug cocaine is obtained
Coca plant
The plant from which anti-malarial drug quinine is obtained
Cinchona
The plant from which anti-hypertensive drug reserpine is obtained
Rauwolfia serpentina or Sarpaghanda
The plant from which chicory commonly used as a substitute for coffee, is obtained
Cichorium intybus
The tree from which turpentine is obtained
Pine tree
The tree that yields an aromatic medicinal oil also known as Niligiri tel
Eucalyptus
The plant from which a blue dye for use in textile industry is obtained
Indigo
The plant from which bio-diesel is being produced
Jatropha
The aquatic plant which is known as Terror of Bengal
Water Hyacinth
Plant parts
The part of the plant that is clove
Flower bud
The part of the plant that is used as a condiment from cinnamon tree
bark
The part of the plant that is potato/ginger
Stem
The part of the plant that is eaten in coconut
Seed
The part of the plant from which coffee is obtained
Seed
The part of the plant that yields sugar in sugarcane
Stem
The part of the plant that yields saffron spice
Stigma
The part of the plant through which the plants respire
Leaf
The small pores through which plants respire and also eliminate water are known as
Stomata
The part of the flower which receives pollen grains during pollination
Stigma
The pigment found in plants which make them appear green
Chlorophyll
Plant processes
The process by which plants manufacture food
Photosysthesis
The process by which roots absorb water and minerals from the soil
Osmosis
The process by which plants lose water especially through leaves (but also stem, flowers etc.) is known as
Transpiration
The phenomenon by which plants' growth is directed towards light is known as
Phototropism
The phenomenon by which plants grow or respond to touch is known as
Thigmotropism



Types of plants

Name
Type
Epiphyte
     A plant that grows upon another plant.
Hydrophyte
     A plant adapted for growth in water or wet soil.
Thallophyte
     A plant that has simple body without root, stem or leaves.
Xerophyte
     A plant adapted to live in dry places





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