Saturday, 27 June 2015

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Medicines and Drugs

Knowledge philic presents..

 

Medicines and Drugs



Medicine types

Medicine
Use
Anti-pyretic
Medicine to reduce the body temperature
Anti-histamine
Medicine to provide relief in certain allergies and coughs
Anti-flatulence
Medicine to reduce intestinal gas
Anti-spasmodic
Medicine to reduce muscular contractions usually in stomach
Antacid
Medicine to counteract stomach acidity
Antihelmenthic
Medicine used to expel parasitic worms from the body
Diuretics
Medicine to increase the discharge of urine
Laxative
Medicine to provide relief in constipation
Tranquiliser
Medicine to reduce anxiety and bring about calmness






Some Drugs to be remembered

Characteristic
Drug Name
The drug commonly used for treatment of asthma
Salbutamol
An anti-inflammatory drug given to animals, which is causing the death of vultures feeding on the dead bodies of such animals. (However, the drug is commonly prescribed to human beings.
Diclofenac
A common pesticide which is banned in many western countries but continues to be used in India. It kills harmless insects thus affecting the food of the birds and the environment in general
Endosulfan
The drug which is popularly known as 'Go Pill' and used by pilots to enhance their performance in long duration operations to overcome sleep deprivation and resultant fatigue
Modafinil
The pain-killer which is banned in many countries due to its liver toxicity but is still being sold in India.
Nimesulide
The banned drug usually given to cows and buffaloes to enhance their milk output
Oxytocin
The drug commonly sold under the brand name 'Viagra'
Sildenafil citrate



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