Saturday, 6 June 2015

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Nobel Prize Winners from India and its Neighbouring Countries

Nobel Prize Winners from India andits Neighbouring Countries



Nobel Prize Winners from India

#
Person
Field
Year
Contribution
1.
Rabindranath Tagore
Literature
1913
Because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.
2.
C.V. Raman
Physics
1930
For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.
3.
Har Gobind Khorana*
Medicine
1968
For their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.
4.
Mother Teresa
Peace
1979
Humanitarian work.
5.
Subrahmanyam Chandrasekhar
Physics
1983
For his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.
6.
Amartya Sen
Economic Sciences
1998
For his contributions to welfare economics.
7.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan**
Chemistry
2009
For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.
8.
Kailash Satyarthi#
Peace
2014
For his struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.
*Jointly with Robert W. Holley and Marshall W. Nirenberg
**Jointly with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath
#Jointly with Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan.
In addition to the above, Ronald Ross who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1902 and Rudyard Kipling who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907 were born in India. Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001 is a British citizen of Indian origin born in Trinidad.




Nobel Prize Winners from China

#
Person
Field
Year
Contribution
1.
Tsung Dao Lee
Physics
1957
For their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles.
2.
Chen Ning Yang
Physics
1957
For their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles.
3.
Tenzin Gyatso (14th Dalai Lama)
Peace
1989
Human rights.
4.
Daniel C. Tsui*
Physics
1998
For their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations.
5.
Gao Xingjian
Literature
2000
For an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama.
6.
Charles K Kao
Physics
2009
For groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication.
7.
Liu Xiaobo
Peace
2010
For his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China.
8.
Mo Yan
Literature
2012
Who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary.
*Jointly with Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer




Nobel Prize Winners from Pakistan

#
Person
Field
Year
Contribution
1.
Abdus Salam
Physics
1979
Contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles.
2.
Malala Yousafzai*
Peace
2014
For her struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.
*Jointly with Kailash Satyarthi of India.




Nobel Prize Winners from Myanmar

#
Person
Field
Year
Contribution
1.
Aung Saan Suu Kyi
Peace
1991
For her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights.

 



Nobel Prize Winners from Bangladesh

#
Person
Field
Year
Contribution
1.
Muhammud Yunus and Grameen Bank
Peace
2006
For their efforts to create economic and social development from below.




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