Saturday, 6 June 2015

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Nobel Prizes

 Nobel Prizes



Nobel Prizes - Important Facts to Remember

1.
The Nobel prizes are given in accordance with the will of Swedish inventor of dynamite, Alfred Nobel.
2.
The first Nobel prize was awarded in the year 1901
3.
The Nobel Prize award ceremonies are held on December 10 every year, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death in 1896.
4.
All the Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden except for the Nobel Peace Prize which is awarded in Oslo, Norway.
5.
The Nobel Prizes were initially given in FIVE fields viz. Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Peace and Literature.
6.
Nobel Prize in the field of Economic Sciences were instituted in the year 1969 with Ragnar Frisch of Norway and Jan Tinbergen of The Netherlands being the first recipients.


Nobel Laureates - Important Facts
1.
The first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize
Marie Curie for Physics in 1903
2.
The first person and only woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in two different fields
Marie Curie - for Physics in 1903 and for Chemistry in 1911
3.
The first man to be awarded the Nobel Prize in two different fields
Linus Pauling - for Chemistry in 1954 and for Peace in 1962.
4.
The first Asian (also first Indian) to be awarded the Nobel Prize
Rabindranath Tagore - for literature in 1913.
5.
The first African woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize
Wangari Maathai from Kenya - for peace in 2004
6.
The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize in the field of Physics
Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen in 1901 for his discovery of X-rays.
7.
The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize in the field of Literature in English language
Rudyard Kipling (of Jungle Book fame) in 1907.
8.
The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize for Peace
Jean Henry Dunant, founder of International Red Cross in 1901, jointly with Frédéric Passy, Founder and President of first French peace society.
9.
The first woman to be awarded Nobel Prize for Peace
Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner of Austria in 1905
10.
The youngest person to be awarded the Nobel Prize
Malala Yousafzai - for Peace in 2014 (at the age of 17 years )
11.
The only organisation to be awarded the Nobel Prize thrice
International Committee of the Red Cross - 1917, 1944 and 1963.

 


Nobel Prize Winners - Presidents/Prime Ministers/UN Secretary Generals

Nobel Prize Winners - UN Secretary Generals

#
Person
Nationality
Field
Year
1.
Dag Hammarskjöld*
Sweden
Peace
1961
2.
Kofi Annan
Ghana
Peace
2001
*Dag Hammarskjold was awarded the prize posthumuously.




Nobel Prize Winners - US Presidents

#
Person
Field
Year
1.
Theodore Roosevelt
Peace
1906
2.
Woodrow Wilson
Peace
1919
3.
Jimmy Carter*
Peace
2002
4.
Barack Obama
Peace
2009
*Jimmy Carter was not the President of the US at the time of award in 2002


Nobel Prize Winners - Presidents/Prime Ministers of other countries

#
Person
Country
Field
Year
1.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Liberia (President)
Peace
2011
2.
Kim Dae Jung
South Korea (President)
Peace
2000
3.
Yitzhak Rabin
Israel (PM)
Peace
1994
4.
Frederik Willem de Klerk
South Africa (President)*
Peace
1993
5.
Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet Union (President)
Peace
1990
6.
Oscar Arias Sánchez
Costa Rica (President)
Peace
1987
7.
Anwar al-Sadat
Egypt (President)
Peace
1978
8.
Menachem Begin
Israel (PM)
Peace
1978
9.
Eisaku Sato
Japan (PM)*
Peace
1974
10.
Willy Brandt
Chancellor FRG
Peace
1971
11.
Sir Winston Churchill
United Kingdom (PM)
Literature
1953
*Not in office at the time of the award.

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