Direction: In the following passages there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.for PO mains.
Can an experiment conceived, carried out, and reported in kids-speak with pencil- coloured figures and hand-written tables by school children aged 8 to 10 years get published in a highly rated international journal following a peer-reviewing process? Twenty seven schoolchildren from a primary school in UK have proved this is (1) — if a simple but novel scientific question raised is (2) in a scientific way. Their paper was published in the Royal Society's Biology Letters journal. Their (3) was that bumble-bees can use a "combination of colour and spatial relationships in deciding which colour of flower to forage from." Considering that our understanding of how bees perceive coloured patterns and scenes is inadequate, this inspiring outcome has shown that schoolchildren guided by gifted teachers can think and (4) out experiments like any hard-wired scientist. For these kids, doing science changed their (5) of the subject. Science also became "cool and fun." This refreshing approach turns the spotlight on the best methods of teaching science. The (6) learning system adopted by most schools in India, even classroom study combined with some laboratory work with pre-defined outcomes, does very little to (7) curiosity and interest in science. Is that one of the (8) why out-of-the-box thinking that produces path-breaking science rarely comes out of Indian laboratories? The children at the UK school had their gifted teacher to guide them. Scientists from India's space and atomic energy departments and in some other places where serious science is done can take (a/an) (9) out of the school's book and (10) the way in engaging with school pupils and getting them to do real science.
1. 1) done 2) unlikely 3) potential 4) promising 5) possible
2. 1) questioned 2) said 3) retorted 4) answered 5) address
3. 1) question 2) finding 3) methodology 4) result 5) studies
4. 1) wage 2) create 3) execute 4) carry 5) attempt
5. 1) option 2) lives 3) visual 4) demands 5) perception
6. 1) revolutionary 2) radical 3) rote 4) adequate 5) bore
7. 1) stimulate 2) simulate 3) make 4) peek 5) judge
8. 1) cause 2) root 3) reasons 4) issues 5) sources
9. 1) thread 2) leaf 3) example 4) look 5) pages
10. 1) lead 2) start 3) deliver 4) paved 5) ahead
Peer = to look closely or carefully at something especially when unable
to see it well
Bumble-bee = a large hairy bee that makes a loud noise as it flies
Forage = to search or hunt for something especially food and supplies
Spatial = related to space as a physical dimension
Carry out = to do something as required or specified; to fulfil something
Rote learning = learing something in order to be able to repeat it from memory, rather than in order to understand it.
Retort = to make a quick, especially angry, reply to an accusation or a challenge
Stimulate = to pretend to have or feel an emotion; to create certain conditions by
means of model etc; to take the appearance of something/somebody
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