Golden Tips to Rearrange the Jumbled Sentences in English Questions by satya prakash tiwari (inspector, examiner-2014)
On the behalf of knowledge philic , i am sharing Golden rule how to solve rearrangement questions in today’s SSC exams. Candidates those who are facing trouble to answer this type of question in English Section can use these tricks,
REARRANGEMENT OF JUMBLED SENTENCES
In these type of questions, the candidate is given a set of four or five sentences which are in jumbled order. The given sentences should be arranged properly to form a meaningful paragraph or sentence and answer the questions based on the sequence formed. It’s up to you to untie this knot and rearrange the sentences or words so that they logically make sense.
Sentences rearrangement questions are included in SSC exams as they
Help students relate events in a logical manner
Sequence sentences based on English usage skills
How to solve these type of questions?
To tackle these types of questions, you have to know these things.
Ø Theme or central idea of the paragraph that might be created on un-jumbling the sentences.
Ø Initiating sentence, which starts the paragraph
Ø Links have to be found between two sentences. Once a link of this type is created, it becomes easy to eliminate irrelevant choices.
How to save time while solving these types?
It is very important to read selectively and search for transition words or other keywords. Viz. Either....or, neither.....or, not only......but also or something like this, this only example, link sentence require grammatical depth, but its okay, move on
The best way is to establish a link between any two (or more) statements. Once a link is found, you get to know which statements will come together. Then, look in the options. Select the option with those statements together.
SOME IMPORTANT TIPS TO ARRANGE JUMBLED SENTENCES:
In simple or most of sentence have structure like this,
Subject + verb +object.
Subject + verb + not + object.
Verb + subject + object ?
Verb + subject + not + object?
Let us come to the trick:-
1). If a sentence starts with a ‘name’ of a person, company...., then that sentence will definitely be the 1stsentence in the paragraph to be formed.
2). If an article namely ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’ is present at the starting of a sentence. Then the chances of that sentence to be the 1st in the arrangement is more.
3). If all the articles (a, an, the) are present as the starting words of different sentences then they are arranged as follows
a)The sentence starting with ‘A’ comes first
b) The sentences starting with ‘An’ and ‘The’ will follow the sentence starting with ‘A’ according to their content
4). The sentences starting with the words ‘That’, ‘These’, ‘Thus’ and ‘Those’ , then those sentences will not come 1st in the paragraph
5). If a sentence starts with pronouns other than ‘I’ and ‘You’, then that sentence will not be the 1stsentence of the paragraph
6). Try to find out the topic addressed by the paragraph. This can be done by looking for the words that are repeated often in the given sentences.
7). If a particular word is repeated in more than one sentence then the sentences can be placed one by one in the paragraph
8). If there are 3-sentences starting with the words ‘But’, ‘So’ and ‘Now’ respectively. Then those 3-sentences will be arranged in the following order
a) sentence starting with ‘But’
b) sentence starting with ‘So’
c) sentence starting with ‘Now’
9). If the given set of sentences consists of simple, compound and complex sentences they are arranged in the following order
simple sentence – a sentence that consists of basic elements like a subject, a verb and a completed thought. For example,
Rajeev waited for the train.
compound sentence – a sentence that consists of 2-independent clauses connected to one another with a conjunction. For example,
Rajeev waited for the bus, but the train was late.
complex sentence – a sentence that consists of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses connected to it. For example,
Rajeev realized that the train was late while he waited at the station.
Or, While he waited at the station, Rajeev realized that the train was late.
10) Try to find transitions words and linking words sometimes help to put the sentences in an order in sentence arrangement questions. They help the reader to flow more smoothly from one point to the next leads or follows the sentences containing transition word.
Some of the most important transition words to observe in sentence arrangement are:- also, again, not only....but also, neither....or, either....or, as well as, besides, furthermore, in addition, moreover, similarly, consequently, hence, for example, yet, but, ............
Again, if you look at our opening paragraph, the first line starts with 'for this' --- now we know that we need to figure out what 'this' refers to and the sentence containing the original 'this' will come before this sentence.
11) Look for short forms and abbreviations in the sentences. This trick is very useful in paragraphs in which both short form or abbreviations and full name are given.
The sentences containing full for will obviously come before the sentences containing the abbreviation.
12). If a sentence starts with the words Hence, Finally or Therefore then that sentence comes last in the arrangement.
13) Last but not least, sometimes the events mentioned in the paragraph can be arranged in the chronological order making it easy for you to identify the sequence and arranged them.
Hope this help.
Satya prakash tiwari. (inspector, examiner 2014.)