KP- COMPREHENSION –2
The greatest enemy of mankind, as people have discovered is not science, but war. Science merely reflects the social forces by which it is surrounded. It is found that when there is peace, science is constructive, when there is war, and science is perverted to destructive ends. The weapons which science gives us do not necessarily create war; these make war increasingly more terrible. Until now it has brought us to the doorstep of doom. Our main
problem, therefore, is not to curb science, but to stop war to substitute law for force and international government for anarchy in the relations of one nation with another. That is a job in which everybody must participate, including the scientists. But the bomb of Hiroshima suddenly woke us up to the fact that we have very little time. The hour is late and our work has scarcely begun. Now we are face to face with this urgent question "Can education and
tolerance, understanding and creative intelligence run fast enough to keep us abreast with our own mounting capacity to destroy?" That is the question which we shall have to answer one way or the other in this generation. Science must help us in the answer, but the main decision lies within ourselves.
KP-1. According to the author, the real enemy of mankind is not science but war, because
(a) science during wars is so destructive
(b) science merely invents the weapons with which war is fought
(c) the weapons that science invents necessarily lead to war
(d) the weapons invented by science do not cause war, though these make it more destructive
KP-2. War can be stopped, if
(a) weapons invented by science are not used to launch a war
(b) science is restricted to be utilised only during war time
(c) science is not allowed to lead us to utter destruction
(d) we replace force and lawlessness by law and international government
KP-3. According to the writer, the main problem we are faced with, is to
(a) prevent scientists from participating in destructive activities
(b) abolish war
(c) stop scientific activities everywhere
(d) stop science from reflecting social forces
KP-4. The expression "bring to the doorstep of doom" means
(a) lead to the threshold of a new destiny
(b) introduce to an unpredictable destiny
(c) carry close to death and destruction
(d) induct in a ruinous activity
KP-5. Which of the following is opposite in meaning to the word 'anarchy' as used in the passage?
(a) Law and order
(b) Economic prosperity
(c) Political dominance
(d) Communal harmony
What's your ans?
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