Pradhan Mantri Kaushal VikasYojana (PMKVY)
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship outcome-based skill training scheme of the new Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
It aims to offer 24 lakh Indian youth meaningful, industry relevant, skill based training.
Very less percentage of persons joining the Indian job market are considered employable. Lack of formal skill training prevents deserving talent from being employed. Also, The needs of the employers and the skills that are available in the job market do not match. Hence both companies and job seekers suffer.
The sectors facing skilled manpower shortage include IT, BFSI, pharma, healthcare, infrastructure, retail, auto and consumer durables.
By 2025, India's demographic dividend is expected to contribute 25% of global workforce. Therefore, the magnitude of the challenge is enormous.
PMKVY aims to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up outcome based skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood.
1. Defined Standards: Training will be provided based on industry aligned National Occupational Standards through training providers and Sector Skill Councils(SSCs).
2. Monetary Rewards: Candidates will be eligible for a monetary reward, upon successful completion of their training and also clearing the assessment by an independent assessment agency appointed by Sector Skill Council.
3. Certification: Candidates will also receive a government recognized certificate which helps them become gainfully employed.
4. Transparent Funding: It will have complete transparent funding of skill training without any intermediaries. Monetary rewards will be directly transferred to the trainees bank account.
5. Skill Gap Studies: Based on assessment of skill demand and the Skill Gap Studies, target for skill training would be allocated to training providers by job-role.
Target for skill training would be aligned to the demand from the Central Governments flagship programmes, such as - Swachh Bharat, Make in India, Digital India, National Solar Mission and so on.
6. Recognition of prior learning (RPL): Trainees with prior experience or skills and competencies will be assessed and they will also be given monetary rewards for undergoing assessments. This will facilitate skill upgradation and re-skilling of the existing workforce.
7. Robust regime for registration of training providers: NSDC training partners undergo due diligence before being registered with NSDC. Government affiliated training centres and other training partners will be approved by the SSCs on the basis of guidelines issued by NSDC.
8. Focused awareness building and mobilisation activities: Awareness building & mobilization activities would be carried out with the involvement of local State and district governments as well as involve Members of Parliament. Kaushal Melas and Skill Yatras will be organized to disseminate information about skill development, career paths and income generation etc
9. Improved curricula, better pedagogy and trained instructors would enable imparting high quality skill training in the country.
10. Enhanced monitoring: SSCs will be tasked with verifying and recording details of all training centres on the Skill Development Management System (SDMS), and ascertain quality of training locations and courses through certified assessors.
11. Mentorship support: A mentorship programme will be created in order to support trainees who have successfully completed the training programme and are looking for employment opportunities.
12. Evaluation: Trainee feedback based on validated standard format obtained at the time of assessment will become the key element of the evaluation framework to assess the effectiveness and scale up of PMKVY in future.
13. Grievance redressal: Online Citizens Portal would be set up to disseminate information about PMKVY. This would also serve as a platform for redressal of grievances.
The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Devel