Sunday, 6 March 2016

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How to crack the Tribal Issues for IAS Mains?



Tribal Affairs/ Tribal Issues are one of those important subjects which have a healthy mix of static + dynamic portions across IAS Prelims and Mains.

#1. Syllabus

Prelims: History of India and Indian National Movement => includes all pre-independence movements, reasons etc

Mains:

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issuesThe Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the countryPost-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country => tribal policy post-independence & other developmentsSociety Point of View: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remediesEffects of globalization on Indian societyCurrent events of national and international importance- This is a “nuclear bomb”, it can include anything from current affairs related to tribals and areas around it. In last few years, UPSC has even asked to match pairs of tribes and their location. So be careful not to miss it.

#2. Relevance / expected questions

IAS Prelims – Match the pairs of different tribal revolts, their leaders & reasons

IAS Mains – Reasons for revolts, reasons for failure of revolts etc

Examples –

The tribal (or peasant) revolts failed to achieve much. AnalyseTribal revolts were not in the nature of freedom struggle but were localised and context specific. Comment.

#3. What is an aspirant exactly supposed to do?

First read it all and understand the context. This gives a clear idea of why it all happened?Then revisit it frequently (but give less time) => this makes for faster revision and helps in memorisation.

So, focus here – Get the context and remember the facts

#4. Useful resources

India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipin ChandraIndia Since Independence by Bipin ChandraCD’s existing stories on latest developments on Tribal affairs – The Hidden India: Our Tribal CultureIndian Tribals: Issues and ConcernMinistry of Tribal Affairs : Important Updates Along with this, we are starting a series of sequential posts on as a follow up to this article to help you plug your learning gaps

More in this series:

Tribal Issues | Part 1 | Pre Independence conditionsTribal Development in 2015 | Part – 1Internal Security | Assam Riots and Demand of BodolandInternal Security | Salwa Judum 2.0Tribal Issues | Part 2 | Pre Independence Tribal Revolts

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