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Saturday, 6 June 2015

Hinduism

            Hinduism

Important points to remember on Vedas


๐Ÿ“ˆThere are four Vedas, Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe Rig Veda is the oldest of all the Vedas.
๐Ÿ“ˆGayatri Mantra is contained in the Rig Veda. It is an invocation to the Sun God.
๐Ÿ“ˆAyurveda has its origins in Atharva Veda.
๐Ÿ“ˆSacrificial hymns are contained in Yajurveda.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe chief God of the Rig Veda is Lord Indra
๐Ÿ“ˆThe Vedas are believed to have been complied by Krishna Dwipayana also known as Ved Vyasa.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe Vedas have been written in Vedic Sanskrit.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe four Upvedas are Ayurveda, Dhanurveda, Gandharvaveda (music), and Shilpaveda (art and architecture).




Important Hindu Texts

Name
Brief Description
Number
Remarks
Vedas
4
Upavedas
4
Dhanurveda
Gandharvaveda
Ayurveda
Arthasastra
Upanishads
Vedangas
6
Shiksha
Kalpa
Vyakarana
Nirukta
Chandas
Jyotisha



Schools of Vedic Philosophy

Philosophy
Founded by
Sankhya or the Cosmic principle school
Kapila
Yoga
Patanjali
Nyaya or the Logical school
Gautama
Vaisheshak or the Atomic school
Kanad
Purva Mimansa or the Ritualistic school
Jamini
Uttara Mimansa or the Theological school
Vyasa
NOTE: Kanad who founded the Atomic School, is believed to have propounded the theory of matter being indestructible and consisting of tiny indivisible particles called parmanus. Each parmanu consists of many 'anus' (atoms) which are the smallest particles of a substance.





Four venues of Kumbh Mela

Place
On the banks of
State
Nasik
Godavari
Maharashtra
Ujjain
Narmada
Madhya Pradesh
Prayag
Confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati
Uttar Pradesh
Haridwar
Ganga
Uttarakhand




Four Dhams of Hinduism

Dham (Pilgrimage Place)
Devoted to
State
Puri
Lord Jagannath
Orissa
Badrinath
Sri Badrinarayana
Uttarakhand
Dwaraka
Sri Krishna
Gujarat
Rameswaram
Lord Shiva
Tamilnadu
NOTE:The four dhams were defined by Adi Sankaracharya. The Char Dham are often considered the most revered sites for Hindus that have to be visited in one's lifetime.

 

 

The 12 Jyotirlingas

Name of the Jyotirlinga
Place
State
Somnath
Saurashtra
Gujarat
Mallikarjun
Srisailam
Andhra Pradesh
Mahakaleshwar
Ujjain
Madhya Pradesh
Omkareshwar
Mammaleshwaram
Madhya Pradesh
Parli Vaijnath
Deogarh
Jharkhand
Bhima Shankar
Dakini
Maharashtra
Rameshwaram
Setubandha
Tamilnadu
Nageshwar
Darukavana
Maharashtra
Vishweshwar
Varanasi
Uttar Pradesh
Trimbakeshwar
Nasik
Maharashtra
Kedareshwar
Kedarnath
Uttarkhand
Ghurmeshwar
Visalakam
Maharashtra

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