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Saturday, 6 June 2015

Indian Railways - Important Facts

         Indian Railways- Important Facts


Indian Railways

First in Indian Railways
๐Ÿ“ˆThe first train was run in 1853(16 April) 21 miles from Bombay (Boribandar) to Thane.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe first passenger train steamed out of Howrah station destined for Hooghly, a distance of 24 miles, on 15th August, 1854.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe first electric train in 1925 was run by Great Indian Peninsular Railway at Bombay.
๐Ÿ“ˆFirst Rajdhani Express (between Howrah and Delhi ) started on 01 Mar 1969.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe first under ground railway in India started in Kolkata in 1984.
๐Ÿ“ˆComputerised Passenger Reservation system was introduced in Indian Railways in 1986.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe computerised passenger reservation system (PRS) of Indian Railways is the largest passenger reservation network in the world,available at 2,222 locations with more than 8074 terminals.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe First Duronto Express train (point-to-point train) started in September 2009 from Sealdah to New Delhi.


Longest in Indian Railways
๐Ÿ“ˆThe longest platform in the world now is in Gorakhpur (4482 ft) overtaking Kharagpur (2733 ft).
๐Ÿ“ˆThe longest rail journey is between Dibrugarh and Kanniya Kumari (4286 km) performed by Vivek Express, introduced in 2011. Prior to this, Himsagar Express covered the longest distance from Jammu Tawi to Kanniya Kumari (3751 km).
๐Ÿ“ˆThe longest rail journey by Rajdhani Express is between Hazrat Nizamuddin and Thiruvananthapuram covering 3149 km.
๐Ÿ“ˆVembanad Railway Bridge connecting Edappally and Vallarpadam with a length of 4.62 km is the longest rly bridge in India.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe longest railway tunnel, the Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel (between Qazigund and Banihal) has a length of 10.96 km. The work on the tunnel was completed in October 2011. Prior to this the longest railway tunnel was the Karbude Tunnel of length 6.5 km in Maharashtra and a part of the Konkan railways.


Miscellaneous Information
๐Ÿ“ˆKonkan railway passes through Sahyadari mountains in the western ghats. It connects Mumbai and Mangalore.
๐Ÿ“ˆIndia with railroad network of 65,808 km (as on 31.03.2014) ranks fourth in the world after the US, Russia and China.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe total electrified route of Indian Railways is 21,614 kms (as on 31.03.2014).
๐Ÿ“ˆThe Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, The Kalka Shimla Railway collectively known as Mountain Railways of India are classified as a world heritage site by UNESCO.
๐Ÿ“ˆChhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station, in Mumbai is also a World Heritage Site.
๐Ÿ“ˆBholu, an elephant is the mascot of Indian Railways.
๐Ÿ“ˆFairy Queen is the world’s oldest working steam locomotive plying from New Delhi to Alwar.
๐Ÿ“ˆWorld's first railway timetables were designed by George Bradshaw.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe Nilgiri Mountain Railway has a rack section of the line, from Kallar to Coonoor (elevation 1,712 m). This is the only place where rack system is used in Indian Railways.
๐Ÿ“ˆThe station which has all the three gauges viz narrow, metre and broad is Siliguri station.

 

Railways Zones

Zone
Headquarters
1. Central
Mumbai
2. Western
Mumbai
3. Northern
Delhi
4. Eastern
Kolkata
5. Southern
Chennai
6. East Central
Hajipur
7. East Coast
Bhubaneshwar
8. North Central
Allahabad
9. North Eastern
Gorakhpur
10. North East Frontier
Guwahati
11. North Western
Jaipur
12. South Central
Secunderabad
13. South East Central
Bilaspur
14. South Eastern
Kolkata
15. South Western
Hubli
16. West Central
Jabalpur
17. Kolkata Metro
Kolkata

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