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Thursday, 25 June 2015

Islam and Christianity

Knowledge philic presents....


Islam and Christianity

Important points to remember on Islam

The Islamic calendar is known as the Hijri. It starts from 622 A.D. the year in which Prophet Mohammed from Mecca to Madina.
The Hijri has 12 lunar months and the year consists of 354 or 355 days.
The month of Ramadan (9th month) is the holiest of the 12 months in which eating and drinking during daylight hours is prohibited. It is believed that in this month the first verses of the Quran were revealed to the Prophet.
Ramzan-Id or Id-ul-Fitr is celebrated on the first day of Shawwal, the 10th month of Islamic calendar.
Id-e-Milad is the festival which celebrates the birth of Prophet Mohammed.
Moharrum is the mourning day for the Shias who mourn the death of Ali, 4th Caliph of Islam.
Moharrum is also the first month of the Islamic calendar. The day of mourning, Moharrum falls on the 10th day of the month.
Id-u-zuha or Bakr-I-d, the story behind the celebration of the festival is that Abraham on being ordered by God to sacrifice his son Ismael blindfolded himself before killing. When he removed the blindfold he found his son safe and ram slain on the altar.
Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca is performed during the month of Dhu al-Hijja, the last month of the Islamic Calender. Bakr-I-d is celebrated on the 10th day of the same month.
The five important tenets of Islam which every devout Muslim is bound to follow are
  1. Offer Namaz five times a day
  2. Believe that there is no God but Allah
  3. Visit Mecca at least once in his life time i.e. perform Haz
  4. Give alms to the poor
  5. Fast in the month of Ramadan.

Famous Dargahs of India

Dargah of Sheikh Salim Chisti
Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra in Uttar Pradesh
Dargah of Haji Ali
Worli, Mumbai
Dargah of Moinuddin Chisti
Ajmer in Rajasthan
Dargah of Khwaja Nizamuddin Awliya

Important points to remember on Christianity

The birth place of Jesus Christ is Bethlehum. Its present day location is in West Bank.
The forty days period of fasting before Good Friday is called Lent.
Good Friday is the day of Jesus Christ death while Easter, the Sunday which follows Good Friday is the day of his resurrection.
Judas Iscariot was, according to the New Testament, one of the twelve original apostles of Jesus, and the one who betrayed him.
The first Christian saint to visit India was St Thomas in 52 A.D.
The country with the highest number of Christians in the world is the United States of America.
The first authorized version of the Bible also known as King James’ version was published in 1611.
The Ten Commandments were brought to the people from God by Moses
Gregorian Calendar (Christian Era) came into being from 1582. Introduced by Pope Gregory XIII to provide corrections in the Julian Calendar.
Pope, the head of Roman Catholic Church resides in Vatican City, a landlocked country in Italy, also the smallest country in the world.
All Saints Day is the day for all saints who have no special day of their own. It is celebrated on 1 Nov every year. It is immediately followed by All Souls Day on 2 Nov.