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Wednesday, 17 June 2015

Mahatma Gandhi

Knowledge philic presents....


Mahatma Gandhi

Important events in the Life of Mahatma Gandhi

Left for England to become a barrister
Left England to return to India after becoming a barrister
Sailed for South Africa
Established Phoenix Farm in S. Africa
Arrived in India from S Africa
Established Sabarmati Ashram
Fought for Champaran indigo workers (also marked Gandhiji’s entry in to politics)
Started the Non co-operation movement
Non co-operation movement withdrawn due to Chauri Chaura incident
Organised the Dandi March to protest against the salt tax laws
Attended the II round table conference
Settles down at Sevagram, a village near Wardha
Appeals to the British to quit India
Assassinated by Nathuram Godse

·       Important Fasts undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi

Reason for fasting
1918, March 15-17
Fasted in protest against the low wages of the Ahmedabad mill workers
1919, April 13-15
Fasted as atonement for Jalianwala Baugh Massacre and also to atone for riots at Bombay, Ahmedabad and other places as a result of that massacre
1922, Feb. 12-16
Fasted to atone for Chaurichaura Massacre
1932, Sep 20-25
Against communal award of Ramsay Macdonald
1943, Feb. 10-28
Fasted in protest against government’s attempt to blame Congress Party for disturbances after Quit India resolution
1948, Jan. 13-17
To protest against and atone the communal riots in Calcutta

Important Quotes by Mahatma Gandhi

I will give you a talisman. Whenever you are in doubt or when the self becomes too much with you, apply the following test: Recall the face of the poorest and the weakest man whom you may have seen and ask yourself if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him. Will he gain anything by it? Will it restore him to a control over his own life and destiny? In other words, will it lead to swaraj for the hungry and spiritually starving millions? Then you will find your doubts and your self melting away.
I do not want my house to be walled in on all sides and my windows to be stuffed. I want the cultures of all lands to be blow about my house as freely as possible. But I refuse to be blown off my feet by any.
Western nations are groaning today under the heel of the monster god materialism. Their moral growth has become stunted. They measure growth in dollars….American wealth has become a standard, rather than truth, kindness, generosity, love, sensitivity, and sharing the experiences of life freely and fully.
I shall work for an India, in which the poorest shall feel that it is their country in whose making they have an effective voice; an India in which there shall be no high class and low class of people; an India in which all communities shall live in perfect harmony.
I claim to be no more than an average man with less than average abilities. I have not the shadow of a doubt that any man or woman can achieve what I have, if he or she would make the same effort and cultivate the same hope and faith.
Seven social sins - 1. Politics without principle 2. Pleasure without conscience 3. Wealth without work 4. Knowledge without character 5. Commerce without morality 6. Science without humanity 7. Worship without sacrifice.
There is nothing to prevent us from profiting by the light that may come from the West. Only we must take care that we are not overpowered by the glamour of the West. We must not mistake the glamour for true light.
First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win

What others said about Mahatma Gandhi

It is alarming and also nauseating to see Mr. Gandhi, a seditious middle temple lawyer, now posing as a fakir of a type well known in the east, striding half-naked up the steps of the viceregal palace, while he is still organizing and conducting a defiant campaign of civil disobedience, to parley on equal terms with the representative of the king-emperor. Winston Churchill, 1930
Friends and Comrades, the light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere. Jawaharlal Nehru, 1948 on the death of Gandhiji
The light has gone out, I said, and yet I was wrong. For the light that shone in this country was no ordinary light. The light that has illumined this country for these many years will illumine this country for many more years, and a thousand years later, that light will be seen in this country and the world will see it and it will give solace to innumerable hearts. Jawaharlal Nehru, 1948 on the death of Gandhiji in continuation of the above sentence.
Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this walked the earth in flesh and blood. Albert Einstein, 1948
If humanity is to progress, Gandhi is inescapable. He lived, thought, and acted, inspired by the vision of humanity evolving toward a world of peace and harmony. We may ignore him at our own risk. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr
Mahatama Gandhi will go down in history on par with Buddha and Jesus Christ. Lord Mountbatten
He is a man among men, a hero among heroes, a patriot among patriots and we may well say that in him Indian humanity at the present time has really reached its high water-mark. Gopal Krishna Gokhale.