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Sunday, 27 March 2016

Important idioms and phrases

Definition 1
An expression that has become established in a language and that has a meaning that can't be derived from the individual elements is called an idiom
Definition 2
IDIOM - It's a phrase which doesn't mean anything literally by itself, but can be used in a sentence to mean something indirectly. 
Definition 3
An "idiom" is a phrase that has a specific meaning, different than you would expect based on the individual words. Idiom is more subtle. It can be informal or merely non-literal, and either a phrase or a complete sentence.
Eg.- 1. Blessing in disguise: She is lucky she didn't get hurt in the accident, its a blessing in disguise. (here although she has met an accident but she has learnt to drive safely or more carefully, which is indicated by "blessing in disguise") 
2. Blood is thicker than water: which means family relations are closest 
3. Once in a blue moon: which indicates rare occurrences 
4. Break a Leg: wishing good luck 
5. Dry Run : rehearse 
Here are two examples of idioms that are also phrases: * brick and mortar (a traditional business, in contrast to e-commerce) * town and gown (when a school or university is in close proximity with a surrounding community, this is a way of distinguishing between academicians or students versus local residents who are not affiliated with the school) Here's the subtle part: It requires an idiomatic understanding of language to use these non-obvious forms of speech correctly. Idioms resemble metaphors, but are more general.  

๐Ÿ’  10 Informal Phrases(idioms)
✔️ Used by Native Speakers

1⃣ "Hang in there."

〽️ If someone is having difficulties or experiencing a bad situation, telling them to (((hang in there))) means "keep trying; don't give up; be patient and things will eventually get better."
2⃣ "My new job rocks! / rules!"

〽️ Saying something (((rocks))) or (((rules))) means it's really great, awesome, wonderful.
3⃣ "The new technology blew me away."

〽️ If something (((blows you away))), it means it completely amazed you. Another way to say it is ((("I was blown away by the new technology.")))
4⃣ "I missed the boat on that one."

〽️ If you (((miss the boat))), it means you are too late to get an opportunity, so you lose the chance to participate.
5⃣ "We got off on the wrong foot."

〽️ To (((get off on the wrong foot))) means to start something in a bad way. It is often used when two people meet for the first time and have some sort of misunderstanding or disagreement, or their first impression of each other was not a nice one.
6⃣ "Everybody was freaking out."

〽️ To (((freak out))) means to panic or become very upset or agitated.
7⃣ "I haven't done this in a long time. I'm rusty."

〽️ You can say you're (((rusty))) when you used to have good skills or ability to do something, but you haven't done this activity in a long time. Now you're not as good at it, because you are out of practice.
8⃣ "Things are still up in the air."

〽️ The expression (((up in the air))) means that plans are still undecided or uncertain; nothing is confirmed.
9⃣ "We all have to pitch in."

To (((pitch in))) means to join an effort and help with something, usually a project that has multiple people working on it.
๐Ÿ”Ÿ "I'm beat. Time to hit the sack."

Saying you are (((beat))) is a slang way to say you're tired, and (((hit the sack))) means to go to bed.

๐Ÿ”Š on the whole

✳️ in general, in most ways(also: for the most part)

✅ On the whole, I think it's a good idea.

✅ He is, on the whole, a good student.

✅ For the most part, i agree with your suggestions.

๐Ÿ”Š a lost cause

✳️ a hopeless case, a person or situation having no hope of positive change

✅ I tried to stop the kids dropping their clothes on the floor, but it was a lost cause.

✅ it seems that Charles will never listen to our advice. I suppose it's a lost cause.

๐Ÿ”‰ take into account

✳️ to consider fact while evaluation a situation (s)

✅ You must take his age into account when you judge his performance.

✅ They took into account that he'd never been in trouble.

✅ He never takes into account the fact that i am very busy.

๐Ÿ”Š first - rate

✳️ excellent, superb

✅ The food served in that four - star restaurant is truly first - rate.

✅ Mr. Jones is a first - rate teacher.

✅ This hotel provides first - rate service to its guests.

๐Ÿ”Š to throw the book at

✳️ to punish with full penalty, to be harsh on

✅ The judge threw the book at him.

✅ Because the criminal was a repeat offender, the judge threw the book at him with heavy fines and a long prison term.

๐Ÿ”Š to give (someone) a break

✳️ to provide a person with another opportunity or chance (S)
✳️ not to expect too much work from (S)
✳️ not to expect someone to believe (S)

✅ The driver pleaded with the police officer to give him a break and not issue him a ticket for speeding.

✅ Give Peter a break. it's only his second day on the job.

✅ Oh, Jim, give me a break! That's a terrible excuse for being late.

๐Ÿ”Š once in a blue moon

✳️ rarely, infrequently

✅ He has a bath once in a blue moon.

✅ Snow falls on the city of San Diego, California, once in a blue moon.

✅ Once in a blue moon my wife and i eat at a very expensive restaurant.๐Ÿ˜‰

๐Ÿ”Š to go up

✳️ to increase; to be constructed, to be erected

✅ The perice of petrol has gone up again.

✅ Rents have gone up.

✅ Many new factories are going up.

๐Ÿ”Š to look forward to

✳️ to expect or anticipate with pleasure

✅ We're really looking forward to seeing you again.

✅ We are all looking forward to our holiday.

✅ Meg never looks forward to going to work.

๐Ÿ”‰ to drop out of

✳️ to stop attending ; withdraw from

✅ He dropped out of the race after two laps.

✅ David dropped out of high school at the age of 16.

✅ Two more baseball teams have dropped out of the youth league due to a lack of players.

๐Ÿ”Što burst out

✳️ to depart quickly(also: to storm out); to act suddenly

✅ He burst out singing

✅ Tom took one look at Mary's new hat and burst out laughing.

✅ He looked as if he was about to burst out crying.

๐Ÿ”‰ to hand in

✳️ to submit or deliver something that is due

✅ All eighty opposition members of parliment have handed in their resignation.

✅ Haned in your books to the teacher at the end of the lesson.

✅ All the salespeople hand their weekly reports in on friday.

๐Ÿ”‰ to be about to

✳️ to be at the moment of doing something, to be ready

✅ I was about to leave when you called me.

✅ Oh, hi, John. We're just about to eat dinner.

✅ The film's about to start.

✅ Her father is about to retire.

๐Ÿ”Š to rub it in

✳️ to tease or remind someone of something negative or embarrasing to him or her

✅ Look, I know i made a mistake, but you don't have rub it in.

✅ Don't rub it in.

✅ Of course I remember. you don't have to rub it in.

✅ I know I showld have been more careful, but there's no need to keep rubbing it in.

๐Ÿ”Š ill at ease

✳️ uncomfortable or worried in a situation

✅ He was ill at ease with strangers.

✅ All the candidates for the job were looking very ill at ease.

✅ She is ill at at ease in company

๐Ÿ”Š quite a few

✳️ many

✅ We met quite a few people.

✅ Quite a few students were absent yesterday.

๐Ÿ”Š on one's toes

✳️ alert,cautious

✅ They do random checks to keep workers on their toes.

✅ The constant threat of danger kept us all on our toes.

✅ We'd better keep on our toes while we're walking along the dark portions of this street.

๐Ÿ”‰ to name after

✳️ to give the same name as another

✅ The school was named after him.

✅ Helen's parents named Helen after her grandmother.

๐Ÿ”Š to cut down on

✳to reduce, to lessen (also: to cut back on)

✅ In order to lose weight, you have to cut down on your intake of sugar.

✅ The doctor told me to cut down on smoking.

✅ They cut back on production last week.

๐Ÿ”Š to keep one's head

✳to remain calm during an emergency

✅ She was able to keep her head and not panic.

✅ When the heater caused a fire, Gloriam kept her head and phoned for assistance right away; otherwise, the whole house might have burned down.

๐Ÿ”‰ to be in charge of

✳️ To manage, To have responsibility for

✅ Who "is in charge of" this section?

✅ I "was in charge of" my sister.

✅ The headmaster "is in charge of" the school.

๐Ÿ”Što get in / get on

➡️ to enter or to board a vehicle

✳️ get in for cars,taxies, and boats

✳️ get on for others kinds of vehicles

✅  please get in the car

✅  i always get on the bus at 34th street

๐Ÿ”Š to see eye to eye

✳️ to agree , to concur

✅ She left because she didn't  see eye to eye with her boss.

✅ i'm glad that we  see eye to eye on that matter.

✅ i see eye to eye with peter.

๐Ÿ”‰ to feel sorry for

✳️ to pity, to feel compassion for (also: to take pity on)

✅ I feel more sorry for his wife than i do for him.

✅ I feel sorry for Peter.

๐Ÿ”ŠHot potato

✳️ a ​problem, ​situation, etc. that is ​difficult to ​deal with and ​causes a lot of ​disagreement

✅The ​abortion ​issue is a ​political ​hot ​potato in the United States.

๐Ÿ”Š nothing of the kind

✳️ used to ​emphasize a ​negative ​statement

✅ I told him nothing of the ​kind (= I did not ​tell him anything like that).

๐Ÿ”Š Knee-jerk reaction

✳️ Careless reaction

✅ Still, it is important we are not drawn into knee-jerk reactions to the tragedy in Paris. Any action taken must be carefully considered and states cannot act rashly and alone. It is, after all, the knee-jerk reaction to 9/11 that provided the catalyst for the crises of today.

๐Ÿ”Š drop the ball

✳️ to make a mistake; mishandle things.

✅ For God's sake don't drop the ball - we're relying on you.

๐Ÿ”Šalong for the ride

✳️ doing something with other people without being seriously involved in it or having a serious interest in it

✅He wasn't really interested in buying anything when we went to the store he was just along for the ride.

✅ He wasn't really interested, but he came went along for the ride

๐Ÿ”Š To "hit the gym"

✳️ to go to the gym".

✅ I've eaten a little too much pizza this week! I need to hit the gym after work today so I can burn off some calories!